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HKQ Firm News

Tips for Keeping Your Child Warm This Winter

Attorney Nicole Santo

There is no doubt that we have been spoiled by the unseasonably warm December temperatures. However, this first week of January has demonstrated that winter is returning with a vengeance. With children going back to school after the holiday season, some of whom have long walks to the bus stop, it is important to keep some tips in mind for keeping children safe in the cold.

First, it is important to dress children in layers. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the younger the child, the smaller the ratio of his body mass to body surface, allowing more heat to escape through the skin. This means that it is harder for children to regulate temperature than adults. Kids should dress in three layers. The first layer closest to the skin should be soft and thin. The second layer should be a cotton layer or sweater that keeps your child warm, but also allows him to move comfortably in the classroom. The third and final layer should be a jacket that is tightly woven, water repellant, and wind resistant, to seal out the cold.

Next, it is essential that you also keep your child’s neck warm, since breathing in cold air can be harsh on his lungs. Do not forget to add a neck warmer, or short scarf (long scarves can be choking hazards), before sending your child off to school. Finally, be mindful of your child’s ears, nose, toes and fingers. These body parts are farthest away from the heart, which means it is more difficult to keep them warm. A hat that covers your child’s ears and mittens (as opposed to gloves) that keep your child’s fingers close together will help to keep him warm.

If your child has been exposed to cold temperatures for a prolonged period of time, he could be at risk for hypothermia or frostbite. Symptoms of hypothermia include flushed skin, shivering and lethargy. Signs of frostbite can include white/pale skin, numbness or blisters, and most commonly occurs on the nose, fingers and toes. If you observe any of these symptoms, you must get your child inside and call the doctor or go to your nearest urgent care center or emergency room. We hope you and your family stay safe, warm and healthy this winter season!

About HKQ Law

Hourigan, Kluger & Quinn is considered one of the top civil litigation and commercial law firms that has had the privilege of representing more families in the courtroom than any other NEPA firm. The attorneys at HKQ Law have been honored as Super Lawyers, Best Lawyers, Best Law Firms by US News and World Report, and have received the AV Preeminent Rating by Martindale-Hubbel. HKQ Law was recently recognized for one of the top 20 Verdicts in Pennsylvania.

The firm’s Personal Injury Team, led by Attorney Joe Quinn, Jr., has won some of the largest verdicts and settlements in the region's history. The Personal Injury Team focuses on a wide array of personal injury claims and civil litigation, including medical malpractice, auto and truck accidents, aviation accidents, unsafe vehicles, dangerous or defective products, workplace injuries (worker's compensation), construction site accidents, claim denials by insurance companies, dangerous drugs, defective children's products, nursing home abuse and neglect, and falls due to unsafe conditions (slip and fall).

Attorney Joseph A Quinn, Jr. is one of only 100 attorneys in the United States (and one of only three in Pennsylvania) honored with membership in the Inner Circle of Trial Advocates, and one of only 500 attorneys worldwide chosen to be a Fellow of the International Academy of Trial Lawyers. He has been a Pennsylvania Super Lawyer every year since the program began and has been listed in The Best Lawyers in America every year since the publication was established in 1987. Best Lawyers also named him top personal injury attorney for Northeastern Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley. In addition, Best Lawyers, in conjunction with U.S. News & World Report, has designated HKQ a Tier 1 Best Law Firm across multiple categories in Northeastern Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley.

Since the inception of the firm, the Commercial / Corporate Team led by Attorney Allan Kluger has provided comprehensive, integrated legal services to many of Northeastern and Eastern Pennsylvania's largest corporations, businesses, banks, non-profits and institutions, handling matters involving labor and employment, wills, trusts and estate planning, estate administration, elder law, commercial transactions, residential and commercial real estate, zoning, land use and development, telecommunications, mediations and arbitrations, commercial litigation, title insurance, business planning and business succession, corporate/business structuring, employment discrimination law for employers, banking, creditor’s rights, finance, lender liability defense, covenants not to compete, construction law, mergers and acquisitions and other business matters.

Additional information can be found at or by calling (800) 760-1529.



As Hourigan, Kluger and Quinn addresses the concerns raised by COVID-19, the health and safety of our clients, employees and friends of the firm remain our top priority.

These are very difficult and scary times and we hope that you and your loved ones are safe and symptom free. We recognize that so many of you are understandably anxious about your health, the economic impact of this pandemic and all of the consequences of social isolation.

We also recognize that many of you are anxious about how the coronavirus is impacting the Court systems, our firm and your cases. Although all of our offices are closed, our firm has remained fully operational and we have initiated procedures that allow all of our attorneys and staff to work remotely from their homes. Each of us and our staff will respond to any emails and calls about your cases as quickly as possible.

Our Federal and State Courts have instituted significant changes in their calendars as a result of the coronavirus. Although most courthouses are closed to the public, and Hearings and Trials will be delayed for some time, there are matters that can proceed telephonically and by video. Despite these changes in the Court calendars, we are working diligently on your cases and are determined to do whatever we possibly can to assure an early and just recovery for you and your loved ones. Even under these difficult circumstances, we believe that "Nobody will work harder for you than we will."

With regard to new potential clients, we are not in a position to have an in-person new client meeting, but we will be conducting these initial meetings via phone. New potential clients should call us for a free telephone consultation at (570) 287-3000.


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