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HKQ Firm News


Buying or selling real estate can be a complex undertaking. Owning it can be taxing from a financial standpoint. Fortunately, HKQ Law can help bring simplicity to real estate transactions and provide relief from excessive property taxes.

Buying A Home

Purchasing a home is one of the largest and most important investments most people will make in their lifetime. The process involves complicated procedures. “A real estate attorney can help guide you through every step of the home-buying process,” as HKQ Law Business Attorney Kevin Walsh points out.

A homebuyer needs to sign a plethora of paperwork. HKQ Law will carefully review all the pertinent documents. Simple modifications to crucial documents such as the Purchase Agreement may better protect the interests of a buyer.  

HKQ Law real estate attorneys can review the Title Report to spot any potential issues such as problems with adjoining owners or prior owners. 

Attorneys can also explain the effect of any existing easements, covenants or restrictions, as well as any future ramifications of zoning regulations. We can familiarize you with the mortgage process and review the pertinent documents that need to be signed at closing. If any disputes arise at closing, we can help resolve them.

Selling A Home

While selling a home does not typically involve mortgage documents, there are other documents that can present sellers with challenges unless they consult with an experienced real estate attorney.

A poorly drafted Brokerage Agreement can result in a seller being liable for a brokerage commission even if a sale does not occur, or to pay more than one brokerage commission. HKQ Law can help you avoid these outcomes. We can also provide guidance as to what you need to include, and don’t need to include (e.g., psychological stigmas) in your Seller’s Disclosure.

We make certain that the all-important Purchase Agreement best meets the seller’s needs, and that the deed is properly prepared for the sale of the property.

By carefully reviewing the Title Report HKQ Law can identify any legal issues which may delay the sale of your home. If a problem is found, we will work to address it prior to the sale. At the closing, our Real Estate team can help the seller negotiate any sudden changes.

Selling/Buying/Leasing Commercial Property  

While buying or selling a home can be challenging, commercial real estate transactions can be daunting. Not only is there typically a lot more money at stake, the process is much more complex. To mitigate liability issues, commercial sales, purchases and leases are usually made by an entity such as a corporation or limited liability company. HKQ Law Business Attorney Kevin Walsh notes that “An experienced real estate attorney can help clients navigate the maze of commercial real estate regulations.”

Commercial real estate transactions may be subject to laws such as the Americans with Disabilities Act. Further complicating these transactions are the various methods of structuring purchases and sales, or lease options.      

In commercial real estate transactions, offers and contracts can include numerous contingencies involving issues such as financing, structural integrity, zoning and environmental compliance. Commercial buyers and lessees generally are not afforded the same legal protections that apply to residential transactions. The disclosures required for those transactions may not be required for commercial real estate. Buyers must exercise due diligence. If the results of the due diligence are not to the buyer’s liking, the sale can be put in jeopardy.    

Challenging property tax assessments

Whether you own residential property or commercial property, property taxes can be very costly. If those taxes are based on inaccurate assessments, you could be paying thousands of dollars more than you should be.

Given the fact that typical commercial or industrial property values are substantially higher than their residential counterparts, local taxing authorities may be tempted to impose higher tax rates on the former properties. However, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court unanimously ruled that the Uniformity Clause of the Pennsylvania Constitution requires that “All taxes shall be uniform, upon the same class of subjects, within the territorial limits of the authority levying the tax.” Hence, a taxing authority is not permitted to implement a program targeting only the assessments of one sub-classification of properties, where that sub-classification is drawn according to property type (e.g., commercial, apartment complex, single family residential, or industrial.)

The right to appeal assessments is not limited to taxing authorities. Property owners also have that right, and the result of a successful appeal can be significant. A recent tax appeal filed by HKQ Law Attorney Brian P. Stahl saved a commercial shopping mall client a substantial amount of tax liability. The property, previously assessed at $47M, dropped to $24M, saving the client over $585,000 annually. Residential property owners may also realize substantial savings through a successful tax assessment appeal.     

The appellant bears the burden of proof for tax assessment appeals. To successfully challenge the assessment, at least one of the following facts need to be established:

  • The tax assessor relies on information that is incorrect or incomplete.
  • The tax assessor sets the taxable value of your property higher than the taxable values of similar properties in your area.
  • The tax assessor assumes that the current market value of your property is higher than it actually is.

Attorney Stahl cautions that “a tax assessment appeal can be a complex process, and one that is best handled by an attorney who is experienced in tax assessments, and familiar with the nuances of local property tax rules.”

Matters handled by the Real Estate Attorneys at HKQ Law include:

  • Acquisition and sale of commercial and residential property
  • Closing services for real estate acquisitions and sales
  • Deed and lease review or preparation
  • Negotiating, drafting, or reviewing sales and purchase agreements
  • Property tax assessment appeals and litigation
  • Providing advice on purchasing versus leasing
  • Providing or reviewing seller's required disclosures
  • Reviewing easements, right of ways, covenants and other restrictions
  • Reviewing mortgage lending commitment and loan documents
  • Reviewing zoning, local ordinances and land use issues
  • Title search and title insurance

To speak to an HKQ Law attorney about a real estate issue or property tax assessment, call at (800) 760-1529.

About HKQ Law

Hourigan, Kluger & Quinn is considered one of the top civil litigation and commercial law firms that has had the privilege of representing more families in the courtroom than any other NEPA firm. The attorneys at HKQ Law have been honored as Super Lawyers, Best Lawyers, Best Law Firms by US News and World Report, and have received the AV Preeminent Rating by Martindale-Hubbel. HKQ Law was recently recognized for one of the top 20 Verdicts in Pennsylvania.

The firm’s Personal Injury Team, led by Attorney Joe Quinn, Jr., has won some of the largest verdicts and settlements in the region's history. The Personal Injury Team focuses on a wide array of personal injury claims and civil litigation, including medical malpractice, auto and truck accidents, aviation accidents, unsafe vehicles, dangerous or defective products, workplace injuries (worker's compensation), construction site accidents, claim denials by insurance companies, dangerous drugs, defective children's products, nursing home abuse and neglect, and falls due to unsafe conditions (slip and fall).

Attorney Joseph A Quinn, Jr. is one of only 100 attorneys in the United States (and one of only three in Pennsylvania) honored with membership in the Inner Circle of Trial Advocates, and one of only 500 attorneys worldwide chosen to be a Fellow of the International Academy of Trial Lawyers. He has been a Pennsylvania Super Lawyer every year since the program began and has been listed in The Best Lawyers in America every year since the publication was established in 1987. Best Lawyers also named him top personal injury attorney for Northeastern Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley. In addition, Best Lawyers, in conjunction with U.S. News & World Report, has designated HKQ a Tier 1 Best Law Firm across multiple categories in Northeastern Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley.

Since the inception of the firm, the Commercial / Corporate Team led by Attorney Allan Kluger has provided comprehensive, integrated legal services to many of Northeastern and Eastern Pennsylvania's largest corporations, businesses, banks, non-profits and institutions, handling matters involving labor and employment, wills, trusts and estate planning, estate administration, elder law, commercial transactions, residential and commercial real estate, zoning, land use and development, telecommunications, mediations and arbitrations, commercial litigation, title insurance, business planning and business succession, corporate/business structuring, employment discrimination law for employers, banking, creditor’s rights, finance, lender liability defense, covenants not to compete, construction law, mergers and acquisitions and other business matters.

Additional information can be found at or by calling (800) 760-1529.



As Hourigan, Kluger and Quinn addresses the concerns raised by COVID-19, the health and safety of our clients, employees and friends of the firm remain our top priority.

These are very difficult and scary times and we hope that you and your loved ones are safe and symptom free. We recognize that so many of you are understandably anxious about your health, the economic impact of this pandemic and all of the consequences of social isolation.

We also recognize that many of you are anxious about how the coronavirus is impacting the Court systems, our firm and your cases. Although all of our offices are closed, our firm has remained fully operational and we have initiated procedures that allow all of our attorneys and staff to work remotely from their homes. Each of us and our staff will respond to any emails and calls about your cases as quickly as possible.

Our Federal and State Courts have instituted significant changes in their calendars as a result of the coronavirus. Although most courthouses are closed to the public, and Hearings and Trials will be delayed for some time, there are matters that can proceed telephonically and by video. Despite these changes in the Court calendars, we are working diligently on your cases and are determined to do whatever we possibly can to assure an early and just recovery for you and your loved ones. Even under these difficult circumstances, we believe that "Nobody will work harder for you than we will."

With regard to new potential clients, we are not in a position to have an in-person new client meeting, but we will be conducting these initial meetings via phone. New potential clients should call us for a free telephone consultation at (570) 287-3000.


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