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For all of its beauty, winter can be an unpredictable time. Attorney Kevin C. Quinn and the team at HKQ Law want to help you and your family deal with this season’s pitfalls. In this article, we’ll explore a few challenges that we face when traveling by car and or foot.

Hazardous driving conditions

Every year, over 100,000 people are injured and more than 1,300 are killed on snowy, slushy or icy roads. However, there are steps you can take to make winter travel a little safer. Start by winterizing your vehicle. Check your battery, belts, hoses, radiator, oil, transmission fluid, lights, brakes, exhaust system, defroster, heater, windshield wipers, ignition system, tires and tire pressure. Each time the outside temperature drops 10 degrees, the air pressure in your tires will go down one or two pounds per square inch. Underinflated tires make steering more difficult in slippery conditions.

Speaking of tires, if the winter temperatures where you live are regularly below 45 degrees F, like right here in Northeastern Pennsylvania, it is recommended that you invest in a set of four winter tires. Keep in mind that winter tires are designed not just for icy or snowy conditions, but also for low temperatures. Their special rubber compounds stay pliable in the cold, giving them better grip and improved braking. The tread compound of summer and all-season tires can harden in low temperatures, decreasing traction.

Before you start driving, clear all the snow or ice off of your vehicle, including the roof. Motorists who fail to do so could face serious fines if any snow or ice falls from their vehicle and causes injury or death to other drivers or pedestrians. What’s more, snow or ice slipping down from the top of your vehicle can impair your view.

When driving on slippery roads, drive slowly. Increase your following distance. Don’t “power” up a hill. (Build up some inertia before you get to the hill.) Don’t stop going up a hill, unless absolutely necessary. Proceed down a hill as slowly as possible.

If you are going on a longer trip, take water and food in the event that you get stranded on the road due to a storm or accident. Make sure you have your cell phone and charger, blankets, any needed medication, and emergency items such as a tow rope, jumper cables, sand or cat litter (traction aid), a flashlight, matches and candles, flares, first aid kit, and a portable radio.

Should you become snow-bound, stay with your vehicle. Display a brightly colored cloth to signal distress. Don’t try to walk in a severe storm. At night, keep the dome light on if possible. Start the car and use the heater for about 10 minutes every hour. Make sure the exhaust pipe is clear of snow, ice and mud, and isn’t clogged. Keep one window slightly open to let in fresh air.  

Slippery sidewalks

In Pennsylvania, an abutting property owner is primarily responsible for the removal of ice and snow on the sidewalk. It is not required that the sidewalk be free from snow and ice at all times. The property owner is given a reasonable amount to time to clear the sidewalk. To recover compensation after a fall on snow or an ice-covered sidewalk due to natural accumulations, a plaintiff must generally show three things:

(1) the ice and snow accumulated in ridges or elevations that unreasonably obstructed travel and constituted a danger to pedestrians,

(2) the property owner knew through constructive or actual notice of the existence of the condition, and

(3) it was this dangerous accumulation of ice and snow that caused the plaintiff’s fall.

This is known as the “Hills and Ridges Doctrine” but there are certain exceptions to its application.

Perilous parking lots

The owner (or sometimes the lessee) of a parking lot has a legal obligation to keep the lot safe. That includes clearing snow and ice. Prevailing in a lawsuit for a parking lot fall generally requires proof that a defendant (property owner or lessee) knew or should have known that the property was unsafe and still failed to remedy the condition, and that violation of duty caused your injury.

If you’ve experienced a serious injury as a result of someone else’s negligence, call HKQ Law at (800) 760-1529 to schedule your no-obligation consultation.

About HKQ Law

Hourigan, Kluger & Quinn is considered one of the top civil litigation and commercial law firms that has had the privilege of representing more families in the courtroom than any other NEPA firm. The attorneys at HKQ Law have been honored as Super Lawyers, Best Lawyers, Best Law Firms by US News and World Report, and have received the AV Preeminent Rating by Martindale-Hubbel. HKQ Law was recently recognized for one of the top 20 Verdicts in Pennsylvania.

The firm’s Personal Injury Team, led by Attorney Joe Quinn, Jr., has won some of the largest verdicts and settlements in the region's history. The Personal Injury Team focuses on a wide array of personal injury claims and civil litigation, including medical malpractice, auto and truck accidents, aviation accidents, unsafe vehicles, dangerous or defective products, workplace injuries (worker's compensation), construction site accidents, claim denials by insurance companies, dangerous drugs, defective children's products, nursing home abuse and neglect, and falls due to unsafe conditions (slip and fall).

Attorney Joseph A Quinn, Jr. is one of only 100 attorneys in the United States (and one of only three in Pennsylvania) honored with membership in the Inner Circle of Trial Advocates, and one of only 500 attorneys worldwide chosen to be a Fellow of the International Academy of Trial Lawyers. He has been a Pennsylvania Super Lawyer every year since the program began and has been listed in The Best Lawyers in America every year since the publication was established in 1987. Best Lawyers also named him top personal injury attorney for Northeastern Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley. In addition, Best Lawyers, in conjunction with U.S. News & World Report, has designated HKQ a Tier 1 Best Law Firm across multiple categories in Northeastern Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley.

Since the inception of the firm, the Commercial / Corporate Team led by Attorney Allan Kluger has provided comprehensive, integrated legal services to many of Northeastern and Eastern Pennsylvania's largest corporations, businesses, banks, non-profits and institutions, handling matters involving labor and employment, wills, trusts and estate planning, estate administration, elder law, commercial transactions, residential and commercial real estate, zoning, land use and development, telecommunications, mediations and arbitrations, commercial litigation, title insurance, business planning and business succession, corporate/business structuring, employment discrimination law for employers, banking, creditor’s rights, finance, lender liability defense, covenants not to compete, construction law, mergers and acquisitions and other business matters.

Additional information can be found at or by calling (800) 760-1529.



As Hourigan, Kluger and Quinn addresses the concerns raised by COVID-19, the health and safety of our clients, employees and friends of the firm remain our top priority.

These are very difficult and scary times and we hope that you and your loved ones are safe and symptom free. We recognize that so many of you are understandably anxious about your health, the economic impact of this pandemic and all of the consequences of social isolation.

We also recognize that many of you are anxious about how the coronavirus is impacting the Court systems, our firm and your cases. Although all of our offices are closed, our firm has remained fully operational and we have initiated procedures that allow all of our attorneys and staff to work remotely from their homes. Each of us and our staff will respond to any emails and calls about your cases as quickly as possible.

Our Federal and State Courts have instituted significant changes in their calendars as a result of the coronavirus. Although most courthouses are closed to the public, and Hearings and Trials will be delayed for some time, there are matters that can proceed telephonically and by video. Despite these changes in the Court calendars, we are working diligently on your cases and are determined to do whatever we possibly can to assure an early and just recovery for you and your loved ones. Even under these difficult circumstances, we believe that "Nobody will work harder for you than we will."

With regard to new potential clients, we are not in a position to have an in-person new client meeting, but we will be conducting these initial meetings via phone. New potential clients should call us for a free telephone consultation at (570) 287-3000.


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