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In the United States, there are about 90 million dogs. More than just pets, they can be important members of a family. They provide comfort, companionship and sometimes even comic relief. Unfortunately, dogs can sometimes become aggressive and bite. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about four and a half million people are bitten by dogs each year.  About one million of the bite victims seek medical attention, with 300,000 requiring hospitalization. HKQ Law Personal Injury Attorney Ryan Molitoris notes that “Pennsylvania ranked fourth among states for dog bite claims in 2017.”

Dog bites can sometimes result in serious and even fatal injuries. For small children, dog attacks can be catastrophic.

Common dog bite injuries include:

  • Puncture wounds
  • Facial injuries
  • Eye injuries
  • Head and neck Injuries
  • Nerve damage
  • Broken bones
  • Scars
  • Emotional distress
  • Diseases (Up to 18% of dog bites become infected with bacteria. Diseases which can be    transmitted by dog bites include rabies, pasteurellosis, and tetanus. Bites can also lead to MRSA infections.)

Responsibilities of Dog Owners

Dog owners are responsible for controlling their dogs. The responsibilities are set forth in the confinement provision of Pennsylvania’s dog laws, which states that it shall be unlawful for the owner or keeper of any dog to fail to keep at all times the dog in any of the following manners:

(1) confined within the premises of the owner;

(2) firmly secured by means of a collar and chain or other device so that it cannot stray beyond      

    the premises on which it is secured; or

(3) under the reasonable control of some person, or when engaged in lawful hunting,

    exhibition, performance events or field training.

Additional restrictions are imposed for “dangerous dogs”. Under Pennsylvania law, a dangerous dog is one that has:

(1)  Inflicted severe injury on a human being without provocation on public or private property.        

(A "severe injury" is any physical injury that results in broken bones or disfiguring lacerations requiring multiple sutures or cosmetic surgery.); or

(2)  Killed or inflicted severe injury on a domestic animal, dog or cat without provocation while   

      off the owner’s property; or

(3)  Attacked a human being without provocation; or

(4)  Been used in the commission of a crime, including dog fighting.

The dog must also have either or both of the following:

(1)  A history of attacking human beings and/or domestic animals, dogs or cats without  


(2)  A propensity to attack human beings and/or domestic animals, dogs or cats without

      provocation. (The propensity to attack may be proven by a single incident.)

The owner of a dangerous dog must meet a myriad of licensing, registration and control requirements.

Recovering Damages

Provided that the dog hasn’t bitten before, Pennsylvania law provides two different legal remedies. They are dependent upon the severity of the injury. For bite victims who are not severely injured, damages are limited to medical expenses. Severely injured victims can make a claim for all damages suffered, including:

  • Lost wages
  • Emotional harm
  • Pain
  • Medical expenses
  • Permanent disfigurement

If the attack involves a “dangerous dog”, the victim may be able to recover compensation for all damages (including punitive damages) by proving three things:

  • The dog caused the victim to suffer an injury
  • The owner was aware of the dog's history of injuring people or engaging in aggressive behavior
  • The victim was not trespassing or doing something to provoke the dog

As is the case with any personal injury case, the plaintiff must prove that the dog owner was negligent. However, if it is shown that the dog owner violated Pennsylvania's confinement statute or dangerous dog provisions, damages may be recovered under a theory of negligence per se.

In some instances, there need not be a bite to create liability for the owner. If a person is injured while getting away from the dog or is knocked down by an aggressive dog, he or she could still be entitled to money for the injuries.

Dog owners can raise two defenses: provocation and trespass. If the injured person provoked the dog, the owner may not be held liable. In addition, the owner may not be liable if the injured person was committing a "willful trespass" at the time of the attack by the dog.

Defendants other than owner

Animal owners are not the only people who can be liable for dog attacks. Other possible defendants include parents of a minor dog owner, animal keepers (e.g., kennels, animal sitters), property owners and landlords.

If you or a family member were the victim of a dog attack, seek medical care. Puncture wounds can lead to infections and disease. A seemingly minor injury can result in serious complications.

If you are a victim of a dog attack that has resulted in serious injuries, call HKQ Law at (800) 760-1529 to schedule a no-obligation consultation with one of our personal injury attorneys.

About HKQ Law

Hourigan, Kluger & Quinn is considered one of the top civil litigation and commercial law firms that has had the privilege of representing more families in the courtroom than any other NEPA firm. The attorneys at HKQ Law have been honored as Super Lawyers, Best Lawyers, Best Law Firms by US News and World Report, and have received the AV Preeminent Rating by Martindale-Hubbel. HKQ Law was recently recognized for one of the top 20 Verdicts in Pennsylvania.

The firm’s Personal Injury Team, led by Attorney Joe Quinn, Jr., has won some of the largest verdicts and settlements in the region's history. The Personal Injury Team focuses on a wide array of personal injury claims and civil litigation, including medical malpractice, auto and truck accidents, aviation accidents, unsafe vehicles, dangerous or defective products, workplace injuries (worker's compensation), construction site accidents, claim denials by insurance companies, dangerous drugs, defective children's products, nursing home abuse and neglect, and falls due to unsafe conditions (slip and fall).

Attorney Joseph A Quinn, Jr. is one of only 100 attorneys in the United States (and one of only three in Pennsylvania) honored with membership in the Inner Circle of Trial Advocates, and one of only 500 attorneys worldwide chosen to be a Fellow of the International Academy of Trial Lawyers. He has been a Pennsylvania Super Lawyer every year since the program began and has been listed in The Best Lawyers in America every year since the publication was established in 1987. Best Lawyers also named him top personal injury attorney for Northeastern Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley. In addition, Best Lawyers, in conjunction with U.S. News & World Report, has designated HKQ a Tier 1 Best Law Firm across multiple categories in Northeastern Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley.

Since the inception of the firm, the Commercial / Corporate Team led by Attorney Allan Kluger has provided comprehensive, integrated legal services to many of Northeastern and Eastern Pennsylvania's largest corporations, businesses, banks, non-profits and institutions, handling matters involving labor and employment, wills, trusts and estate planning, estate administration, elder law, commercial transactions, residential and commercial real estate, zoning, land use and development, telecommunications, mediations and arbitrations, commercial litigation, title insurance, business planning and business succession, corporate/business structuring, employment discrimination law for employers, banking, creditor’s rights, finance, lender liability defense, covenants not to compete, construction law, mergers and acquisitions and other business matters.

Additional information can be found at or by calling (800) 760-1529.



As Hourigan, Kluger and Quinn addresses the concerns raised by COVID-19, the health and safety of our clients, employees and friends of the firm remain our top priority.

These are very difficult and scary times and we hope that you and your loved ones are safe and symptom free. We recognize that so many of you are understandably anxious about your health, the economic impact of this pandemic and all of the consequences of social isolation.

We also recognize that many of you are anxious about how the coronavirus is impacting the Court systems, our firm and your cases. Although all of our offices are closed, our firm has remained fully operational and we have initiated procedures that allow all of our attorneys and staff to work remotely from their homes. Each of us and our staff will respond to any emails and calls about your cases as quickly as possible.

Our Federal and State Courts have instituted significant changes in their calendars as a result of the coronavirus. Although most courthouses are closed to the public, and Hearings and Trials will be delayed for some time, there are matters that can proceed telephonically and by video. Despite these changes in the Court calendars, we are working diligently on your cases and are determined to do whatever we possibly can to assure an early and just recovery for you and your loved ones. Even under these difficult circumstances, we believe that "Nobody will work harder for you than we will."

With regard to new potential clients, we are not in a position to have an in-person new client meeting, but we will be conducting these initial meetings via phone. New potential clients should call us for a free telephone consultation at (570) 287-3000.


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